Give a brief discussion on pulses cultivation in India.

Pulses form an integral part of the diet in the Indian subcontinent. Not only is India the leading producer of pulses in the world, but it is also the biggest consumer. Pulses are leguminous in nature and enrich soil fertility by fixing nitrogen in the soil. This makes it suitable for mixed cropping systems or as a part of crop rotation. A major variety of pulses grown in India include tur (arhar), urad, moong, masoor, peas, and Bengal gram. They are mostly grown during the latter half of the rabi season as they need less moisture. Major pulse producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Karnataka.