State two beneficial effects of -ploughing the fields (or loosening and turning the soil).

Loosening and turning the soil is very important for cultivation of crops. The loosening and turning the soil by ploughing is beneficial because of the following reasons:

(i) The loose soil allows the roots to breathe easily even when they go deep into the soil.

(ii) The loosened soil helps in the growth of earthworms and microbes present in the soil.