Look at these two sentences.
● He had to buy at least five books to last him through the week.
● Bepin had to ask Chuni to leave.
‘Had to’ is used to show that it was very important or necessary for Bepin Babu to do something. He had no choice. We can also use ‘have to’/’has to’ in the same way.
Fill in the blanks below using ‘had to’/’have to’/’has to’.
(i) I _______ cut my hair every month.
(ii) We _______ go for swimming lessons last year.
(iii) She _______ tell the principal the truth.
(iv) They _______ take the baby to the doctor.
(v) We _______ complain to the police about the noise.
(vi) Romit _______ finish his homework before he could come out to play.
(vii) I _______ repair my cycle yesterday.
Here are a few idioms that you will find in the story. Look for them in the dictionary in the following way.
First, arrange them in the order in which you would find them in a dictionary.
(Clue: An idiom is usually listed under the first noun, verb, adjective or adverb in it. Ignore articles or prepositions in the idiom).
To help you, we have put in bold the word under which you must look for the idiom in the dictionary.)
(i) at/from close quarters (close: adjective)
(ii) break into a smile (break: verb; look under ‘break into something)
(iii) carry on (carry: verb)
(iv) have a clean record (you may find related meanings under both these words).
(v) beat about the bush (verb)
Now refer to your dictionary and find out what they mean.
I saw this movie yesterday.
I have seen this movie already
Bepin Babu worked here for a week last year.
Bepin Babu has worked here since 2003
Chunilal wrote to a publisher last week.
Chunilal has written to a publisher
I visited Ranchi once, long ago
I have visited Ranchi once, before.
Compare the sentences in the two columns, especially the verb forms.
Answer the following questions about each pair of sentences.
(i) Which column tells us that Bepin Babu is still working at the same place?
(ii) Which column suggests that Chunilal is now waiting for a reply from the publisher?
(iii) Which column suggests that the person still remembers the movie he saw?
(iv) Which column suggests that the experience of visiting Ranchi is still fresh in the speaker’s mind?
Given below are jumbled sentences. Working in groups, rearrange the words in each sentence to form correct sentences.
You will find that each sentence contains an idiomatic expression that you have come across in the lesson. Underline the idiom and
write down its meaning. Then use your dictionary to check the meaning.
(i) Stop/and tell me/beating about/what you want/the bush.
(ii) don’t pay/If you/ attention/you might/the wrong train/to the announcement/board
(iii) The villagers/tried/the crime/on the young woman/to pin.
(iv) Bepin Babu/orders to/telling people/under/loved/doctor’s/eat early/that he was.
(v) the students/The teacher/his eyebrows/ when/said that/all their lessons/raised/they had revised.
Imagine you are Bepin Choudhury. You have received Chunilal’s letter and feel ashamed of that you did not bother to help an old friend down on his luck. Now you want to do something for him.
Write a letter to Chunilal promising to help him soon.
A prank is a childish trick. Do you remember any incident when someone played a prank on you or your friend? Describe the
prank in a paragraph.