Look at the workings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal Constitution. The second column is from the more recent Interim Constitution of Nepal.
1990: Constitution of Nepal
Part 7: Executive
2007 Interim Constitution
Part 5: Executive
Article 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the kingdom of Nepal shall be vested in His Majesty and the Council of the Ministers.
Article 37: Executive Power: The executive power of Nepal shall be vested in the Council of Ministers.
What is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?
In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.
(a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
(b) In a city, 5 per cent of the population is Buddhists.
(c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.
(d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.
The column on the left lists some of the key features of the Indian Constitution. In the other column write two sentences in your own words, on why you think this feature is import.
Separation of Powers
Parliamentary Form of Government
In which of the following situations is a minister misusing his power:
(a) Refuses to sanction a project of his ministry for sound technical reasons;
(b) Threatens to send his security staff to rough up his neighbour;
(c) Calls up the police station asking them not to register a complaint that is likely to be filed against his relative.
Which Fundamental Rights will the following situations violate:
● If a 13-year old child is working in a factory manufacturing carpets.
● If a politician in one state decides to not allow labourers from other states to work in his state.
● If a group of people are not given permission to open a Telugu-medium school in Kerala.
● If the government decides not to promote an officer of the armed forces because she is a woman.