What were the features of the lives of the Bedouins in the early seventh century?
What is meant by the term ‘Abbasid revolution’?
Give examples of the cosmopolitan character of the states set up by Arabs, Iranians and Turks.
What were the effects of the Crusades on Europe and Asia?
How were Islamic architectural forms different from those of the Roman Empire?
Describe a journey from Samarqand to Damascus, referring to the cities on the route.